Ashraf Ghani, the Afghan president, sticks to a policy to save their own saddle; the Taliban believe in military victory; the Americans and their allies give attention to completing the withdrawal of forces; the Afghan warlords work on a formula to safeguard their very own skin; Al-Qaeda and Islamic State have their very own listing of priorities; the UN is a silent spectator and India is more enthusiastic about perturbing Pakistan. These ambiguities give birth to the possibility of another prolonged, bloody war in Afghanistan while threats of a civil war also loom in the distant.
Madiha Afzal in an article in The Washington Post writes, “Afghanistan probably seems headed for greater violence, with embassies rapidly reducing their presence or turning off altogether because of security concerns, while the Australian embassy recently announced.”
However, a very important factor is superior that in comparison to other countries, Islamabad features a large stake in the Afghan pie must be civil war across the border will directly impact Pakistan’s security, economy, domestic politics, international position and relations with various states, especially the US.
Statements issued by Pakistani leaders, from the prime minister to the national security advisor, all indicate Pakistan’s preoccupation with the Afghan imbroglio.
“There is of fear right now in Pakistan and I assure you that we are trying our level best so there is some type of political settlement before the Americans leave,” Prime Minister Imran Khan told Reuters within an interview.
“Since the minute the Americans gave a date…to leave Afghanistan … the Taliban feel they have won the war.” Khan also declared that Pakistan had said adieu to decades-long “strategic depth” policy, while it”should not try to do any manipulation in Afghanistan” and be ready to manage any Afghan government that’s voted to power. latest world news
In his address to the second conference of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Economic Cooperation, Khan remarked, “it is imperative for the peace of entire region that there should be a peaceful transition in Afghanistan, otherwise 1989-like chaos will occur when Soviet Union’s forces had left and everyone understands what happened after it.”
Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi in his address during a virtual trilateral meeting comprising Pakistan, Afghanistan and China said, “Within our view, as the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan entails serious security challenges, in addition it offers a unique opportunity for peace and reconciliation in Afghanistan and moving the united states from the perpetual internal conflict to a period of peace and stability.”
While National Security Adviser Dr Moeed Yusuf claimed on a personal channel, “the United States has assured us that Pakistan will not be produced a scapegoat amidst the withdrawal from Afghanistan, but only time will tell whether [it remains as such] as history suggests otherwise.”
All these statements from Pakistan’s top Afghan policy formulators allow it to be quite clear that Islamabad strives for a peaceful settlement of the Afghan tangle. The US dropped Pakistan and Afghanistan like a warm potato after Russian forces withdrew from Afghanistan and nonetheless as there is no actual power sharing or transition formula involving the Afghanistan government and the Taliban, if the united states is suffering from the same fate, a civil war is imminent.
Unless magic happens within the next few weeks, Afghanistan will return to complete anarchy and chaos as the chances of a broad-based settlement are dim. The Afghan factions need to seize this historic opportunity and display political shrewdness, diplomatic skill and statespersonship, all of which seem like herculean tasks. But they are necessary to stop more Afghans from shedding the blood of the fellow Afghans and to safeguard the ongoing future of their youth, while also to help themselves stay clear of various external players that meddle in Afghan affairs to attain personal objectives.
The Taliban, who emerged as a powerful force, would require to quit their rigid stance and display flexibility. The roles of the Afghan president, other political and military leaders may also be critical in deciding the span of action for the future.
When they keep pushing, the Taliban may indeed one day ride on battle tanks to cross Kabul’s portal as their military victories against government forces suggest but they will really consider simply how much they would manage to achieve when they decide to lay on a negotiation table. Whether, they like it or not, eventually Afghan leaders will have to broker a peace deal, will it not be better to stop the cycle of violence now? In addition, whenever the Afghans have failed to put their property in order, it has generated the opening up of Afghanistan to foreign penetration.
Wn case the Taliban achieve overthrowing Ghani’s government, factions backed by external Afghan players would fight to dislodge them. Afghan leaders, warlords and all other stakeholders must tackle domestic issues, especially those regarding the ability sharing deal, the formation of a new government and a smooth transition of power.
At present the Americans, like the Russians in 1989, are eagerly waiting to catch the initial flight from Kabul to home even yet in the absence of an electric sharing formula, which can result in an inside and external security dilemma.All respective stakeholders should now concentrate on facilitating Afghan leaders in developing an Afghanistan led peace formula, that is necessary to displace durable peace within an Afghanistan ravaged by years of unending war and destruction.